Dry Cracked Heels
Tuesday, 19 September 2017 | Admin
When the skin on the heels becomes dry, usually this is a cosmetic problem. But in some cases, cracks (fissures) occur, which can lead to bleeding, leaving the skin very sore. Wearing the wrong footwear can contribute to this condition.
- Discolouring of the heel, in most cases yellow
- A hard growth of skin, especially on the outer edge of the heel
- Cracks and bleeding
- Pain while walking
Causes of Cracked Heels
- Walking around barefooted or in footwear such as thongs, sling or open backed sandals which drys out the feet
- Genetics. Skin type is often genetic. Some heels get thick very thick callus but don't crack where as others have no callus at all but crack badly after a day on the beach.
- Long standing at work or home, especially on hard floors
- Increased weight which causes increased pressure on the heels causing callus. With increased weight the heel is also required expand more and hence can often crack more.
- Ill fitting shoes or sandals that don't support the heels from expanding sideways under pressure.
- Unhygienic circumstances or conditions as well as fungal infections/tinea
- Unhealthy, dry scaly skin that can be caused by climate, such as low humidity during dry summers or cold winters
- Deficiency of vitamins, minerals, zinc and malnutrition.
- Hormonal Conditions such as thyroid or estrogen imbalances.
- Circulation problems.
Treatment & Prevention
- Using a good foot care cream and regular use of a foot dresser can help prevent the skin becoming rough and hard.
- To help reduce stress in some severe cases, a soft density gel heel pad is advisable, as this can help protect the heel.
- Wear closed in shoes and good socks when you can.
- Drink plenty of water to keep skin hydrated.